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    Stake Guides is where you can find various articles and resources that are aimed to help improve education within the crypto gambling sphere.

    • Caelum
      Limbo is one of the newer games released at Stake with inspirations from dice, however it is unique in its own way. It touts one of the highest payout multipliers available on Stake.com (max of 1,000,000x) and theoretically has no upper limit on how high the game result can return which we’ll discuss more about shortly. In this guide, we’ll go over the fundamentals of how to play Limbo so that you can be on your way to becoming a master of climbing the limbo ladder.
      The Basics
      The key difference between limbo and dice is how the “playing field” is set up for each. In dice, you have a high and a low side with numbers ranging from 0.00 to 100.00, while in limbo there are no sides and just a single linear playing field where you only have one direction to go - Up. This unique feature of limbo gives the player the potential to hunt for exuberant multipliers as high as 100,000x (comparatively, dice has a max payout of 9,900x). The minimum payout playable is 1.01x while the max is capped at 1,000,000.00x. Results in the game can range anywhere from 0.99x to infinity. Yes, you read that correctly. Since the game is open-ended, there is technically no limit to how high of a result it can return. It’s not uncommon to see payouts in the tens of thousands during gameplay, and due to this Limbo is frequently labeled a game that favors high payout hunters.

      Playing limbo is actually quite simple - If you’ve ever played dice at Stake.com, learning how to play will be a breeze. There are just two variables you need to worry about in limbo - Bet Amount and Target Payout. If the result of a round is greater than the target payout set, you instantly win your bet amount multiplied by the target payout you selected. To put things into perspective, with just a 0.0001BTC bet you can potentially win 10BTC in a single bet! There are very few wager-based games that even come close to this type of payout opportunity, making Limbo the epitome of a high-variance game. High variance games are those that have an exceptionally high probability of having a wide range of outcomes (whether good or bad) from bet to bet. What this means for the player is that game results can easily go from 0.99x one round, to jumping into the tens of thousands on the next (and vice versa). It would be in your best interest to consider this unique characteristic of Limbo when creating your gameplay strategy.
      Game Mechanics
      For Limbo, Stake.com uses a two-step process to generate the results in a fair and randomized manner. First, the float-point which is converted from generating random bytes using Stake’s RNG is multiplied by BOTH the maximum possible multiplier (1,000,000.00) and the house edge of the game (1%). Then, in order to generate a game event that has probability distribution, the max possible multiplier is divided by the result of the first step in order to create a game event in the form of a crash point. This is why even though there is a cap on the playable payout, the game result can still reach above the max on occasion. Probability distribution is a mathematical function that provides the probabilities of occurrence of different possible outcomes.  By using this two step result generation process, Stake.com ensures that the game has a high amount of variance in results from bet to bet. Below is the exact event formula used to generate the results:
      // Game event translation with houseEdge of 0.99 (1%) const floatPoint = 1e8 / (float * 1e8) * houseEdge; // Crash point rounded down to required denominator const crashPoint = Math.floor(floatPoint * 100) / 100; As with all games at Stake.com, the results for limbo are generated using a provably fair system which utilizes a user settable client seed along with a server seed. The seed pair along with the nonce and a cursor are used as input parameters when generating bytes using a random number generator. The random bytes in this initial step are used as the foundation of generating provably fair results in Limbo. To read more about Stakes provably fair implementation, visit https://stake.com/provably-fair/implementation.
      Advanced Features
      Due to the simplicity of the game, there are only a few built-in settings and tools aside from the basic game features which you can utilize.
      + Auto Mode
      Auto-mode for Limbo is identical to the user-configurable settings in dice. The player has the option of running autobet with stop limits as well as increasing the bet amount either on loss or on win. For the stop limits, the options available are limiting the number of bets to run for, stopping after a specified profit amount, and/or stopping after a specified loss amount. These limits can either be used individually or simultaneously depending on the particular strategy of the player. Additionally, the increase on win/on loss options can be set to increase the bet amount after a win or loss of a round. As with the stop limits, the player has the option of using one or both simultaneously. The minimum requirements for running autobet are to select a bet amount and target payout. Leaving the other variables empty would run the autobet on an endless loop until either auto bet was stopped manually or the account balance was depleted.

      + Hotkeys
      In addition to autobet mode, players can also enable hotkeys to bet using a keyboard rather than a mouse. Hotkeys can be used to efficiently manipulate the bet amount, payout, and making a bet all at the stroke of pre-mapped keys for each.

      + Instant Bet
      For players who are looking to increase the speed of Limbo, Stake has added an Instant Bet setting which makes playing with hotkeys or autobet significantly quicker. This can especially come in handy for players hunting higher payouts.
      --- 
      As explained, Limbo is a game with much potential for players to make high profit from high multiplier wins. All it takes is a little luck and the proper strategy. In the next limbo guide, we’ll go over advanced methods of play and strategies. Thank you for reading our Limbo fundamentals guide, and we wish you much luck for your next session!
       
       
       

    • Jarrod
      Introduction
      Since it first hit crypto-base casinos back almost a decade ago, Dice has become one of the most popular wager-based games played online. Although the game itself has pretty much been left unchanged since it was first conceived, there have been quite a few enhancements to the game for the modern player to take advantage of. Here at Stake, you can enjoy one of the most tuned and refined versions of this classic.
       
      The Basics
      The game of dice is one that's quite simple to learn, yet can be a challenge to master. For starters, the game is played by selecting a payout (or multiplier) between 1.0102x and 9900x. Here on Stake, each payout increment corresponds to a roll number between 0.01 and 100.00, which is also converted as a win chance % to display the probability of winning the bet. Once you’ve selected a multiplier and filled in your desired wager amount, successfully rolling a number within the green limits equates to a win. If this happens, the game instantly pays out your wagered amount x multiplier. If the number you roll is within the red limits, this counts as a loss and the amount you bet is subtracted from your balance. Below you can see an overview:

      As you can see, there are two different ways of selecting a payout to play on - Either by dragging the visual bar or manually entering a multiplier in the payout box. When using the dragg option, keep in mind that the maximum you can select is 49.50x. This is due to the fact that incremental adjustments would be far too small (thus making them difficult to choose) if payouts up to 9900x were able to be selected in this manner. For payouts greater than 49.5x, you must manually type it in the payout box.
      After you’ve selected your bet amount and payout, you must also select a side (high or low). A roll can be a winner on one side, but a loss on the other so selecting the proper side is essential when playing dice. For example, if you were going for a max payout of 9900x on the high side and you rolled a 0.00, this would count as a loss since you needed to roll a 100.00. To change the side of where you predict the number to land, just click or tap the middle box labelled “Roll Over”. This will automatically update to display Roll Over (high) or Roll Under (low) depending on the side, which you can also visually see in the visual selector bar. The side with the green indicator is the one you are currently going for. Having two sides is what makes dice unique from similar games and allows players to have a vast number of roll possibilities.
       
      Game Mechanics
      At Stake.com, the game of dice covers a roll spread of 00.00 to 100.00 providing the player with 10,001 possible outcomes. Contrary to popular belief, the core algorithm which is used to calculate the roll result is quite simple:
       
      // Game event translation
      const roll = (float * 10001) / 100;
       
      In this equation, the result is calculated by multiplying the float by the number of possible outcomes (10,001) and then dividing that number by 100 in order to fit within Stakes’ stated range for dice. What is a float you ask? In programming a float, also known as floating-point, is essentially a numeric value with floating decimal points. Although you may see a result of 47.54, the actual result contains more digits to the right of the decimal and is then rounded to the nearest hundredth place for the game. You also may be wondering how Stake generates the roll outcome from start to finish. Although there are some programming bits to accomplish this, the process is both simple and transparent with only 3 steps. The conversion process for generating roll results goes like so: 
       
      Bytes -> Float -> Final Result
       
      Initially, a hexadecimal 32-byte hash is generated by a Random Number Generator (RNG). This key stage is where the server seed, client seed, and nonce are all utilised to generate a string that is both random and fair. Based on what you set for your client seed, the end outcome will differ even while using the same server seed and nonce. With this being said, it is important to set your client seed to something unique to confirm that your rolls are indeed random.
      Once a hash is generated by the RNG, the float is generated by using 4 bytes of data which is then used to generate the final result in dice as explained above in the game event translation. Four bytes are used instead of one to ensure higher precision when generating the floating-point. If you’d like to see further details on the conversion of byte to floats, click here for the algorithm used.
      As you can see, the mechanics of dice aren’t as complicated as one would think. Despite its simplicity, the process used ensures that each roll is indeed random and is also verifiable essentially with a backwards calculation using the unhashed server seed.
       
      Advanced Features
      Stake’s dice game comes with some unique features that the player can leverage to their benefit.
      Auto Rolling We’ve covered the basics on how you can play dice, but what if you want to automate the process so that you don’t have to continue pressing bet over and over again? Luckily Stake offers a built-in auto rolling feature with user-settable variables for you to use.

      Start by selecting the “Auto” option in the top left instead of manual mode. This will bring up the variables displayed above. In this particular example, we’ve selected a bet amount of 1 satoshi and we’re going for 100x payout on high side. We’ve also set the auto roll system to bet a max of 100 rolls (which if it doesn’t hit within 100 rolls, it would stop the auto bet), and on each consecutive loss to increase the bet amount by 1%. Lastly, we’ve set the the auto roll to stop rolling once it reaches 500 sats profit or more AND to stop if the loss is greater than 100 sats. Although in this example, setting the max number of bets is redundant due to the stop loss used, there are strategies that you can come up with to leverage both at the same time. Once you’ve set your variables how you want, just press Start Autobet and the rest is taken care of by the system. This can be very handy for hunting larger payouts and to ensure proper discipline while playing. Note that the only variable required on the left side for auto roll is the bet amount. If you leave the rest blank, the game would roll indefinitely until either your balance runs out or you click Stop Autobet.
       
      Faster Betting If you prefer to roll faster, you can click the “Instant bet” setting in the bottom left to turn on instant betting. This will speed up your rolls significantly when using auto betting or hotkeys.
       
      Using Hotkeys In addition to the auto roll feature, you can also use hotkeys to play on manual. Doing so allows you to play more efficiently by manipulating the bet amount, payout, and betting all at the stroke of a key. 

      To enable hotkeys functionality, click the “Hotkeys” icon in the bottom left and click “Hotkeys Enabled” in the modal window that pops up. Be sure to disable it when not being used so you don’t accidentally roll while trying to chat or type.
       
      All of these features make up a game which is truly unique and provides the ability to come up with an unlimited number of different strategies to try and profit from. In the next addition of the dice guide, we’ll go over advanced strategies and methods of play. Hopefully this guide helped to understand the fundamentals of dice at Stake a bit better - put these tools to use properly and hopefully you’ll make some profit!

    • Jess
      In our last piece we dissected the use of Asian Handicaps in sports betting. Asian Totals are similar in the way that results are generated and formed, however the market has no bearing on the result of the game. Instead, it is concerned with how many goals are scored during a match. 
      While you might be wondering whether these markets are just totals (over/under) markets, there are distinct differences. 
      Similar to Asian Handicaps, these markets can be graded as a half-win or a half-loss, rather than just a win, loss or push. While regular total markets use whole and half numbers, Asian Totals use quarter numbers. For the sake of this guide, we will go through both. 
      Let’s start with a totals market, using whole numbers. 
       
      Manchester United vs Liverpool 
      Betting on over 2 total goals will mean: If there are 3 goals in the match, your bet will grade as a win. If there are 2 goals in the match, your bet will grade as a push and your stake will be returned to you.  If there is 1 goal in the match, your bet will be graded as a loss.  Using half numbers is a lot simpler. 
      Betting on over 1.5 total goals will mean:  If there are 2 goals in the match, your bet will grade as a win.  If there is 1 goal in the match, your bet will grade as a loss.  Asian totals get a little more confusing than this, with quarter numbers being a huge part of the market. This also results in the possibility of a half loss or a half win outcome. 
       
      Let’s stick with Manchester United vs Liverpool. 
      Betting on over 3.25 goals means half your stake is on Over 3’ and the other is on ‘Over 3.5’. Therefore; If the total goals for the match are 4 or more, your bet will grade as a win.  If there are 3 goals in the match, your bet is graded as a half loss and you are given half your stake back. If there are 2 goals or less, your bet is a loss.  If you are betting on under 3.25 goals, it means half your stake is on ‘Under 3’ and the other half on ‘Under 3.5’ If there are 4 or more goals in the match, your bet is a loss.  If there are 3 goals, your bet is a half win. If there are 2 or less goals, your bet is graded as a win.   

    • Jarrod
      There are certain types of bets within the sports betting landscape that are unusually unique. Whilst being different in the way that you can bet on teams to get within a certain margin of the favouring team, these bets can also result in a half-win or a half-loss. These are interesting concepts that we will go through later on. With our sportsbook now live, knowing the ins and outs of markets is going to be key.
       
      Regular handicap markets
      Handicap markets basically mean adding or subtracting a value from a team, or the events final score. Some handicap markets level out the odds and add value for a team to win or to lose a match, completely changing the landscape of the way you’re betting on a match-up.
      A team may be short odds, and realistically an extremely strong chance of winning the match. A punter may find more value in using the handicap markets for the match, backing them to win over a certain margin in order to get more appealing odds. We will get into some specific examples later on. 
      Regular handicap markets are normally split into two. Some of them use whole numbers, and the other uses half numbers. 
      When using whole numbers, there are three outcomes. A win, loss or a push. 
      In this instance, a push (or a void) means that you get your money back. If in a multi-bet, the leg gets taken out of the bet and the odds are adjusted accordingly. 
      These types of markets are popular in most sports, but for the sake of this article, let’s use Manchester United vs Liverpool as an example.
      If you’ve bet on Manchester United +1, you need to add 1 goal to their final score. If they are winning after that goal is added, your bet wins. However using this example, let’s say outcomes below are taken at exact full time score.
      Manchester United +1 If Manchester United win or draw, your bet is a winner.  If they lose by 1 goal, your bet will be voided (pushed) and you will get your money back.  If they lose by 2+ goals, your bet has lost.  Conversely, betting on Liverpool -1 means you need to subtract one goal from their score.
      Liverpool -1 If Liverpool lose, your bet is a loss. If they win by 1 goal, your bet is voided. If they win by 2+ goals, your bet is a winner.  When half numbers are added to handicap markets, it simply eliminates the possibility of your handicap resulting in a tie. This means the element of voiding or pushing a bet does not exist. Therefore, there will be two outcomes in this scenario.
      Manchester United +1.5 If Manchester United lose by 2 or more goals, the bet is a loss. If Manchester United lose by 1 goal, or draw/win, the bet is a winner.  Liverpool -1.5 If Liverpool win by 2+ goals, the bet is a winner. If Liverpool win by 1 goal, or draw/lose, the bet is a loss.   
      Asian handicap Markets
      Asian handicaps are the only handicaps with quarter numbers, and it can be quite confusing. There are four outcomes that can come from these bets: Win, loss, half-win or half-loss. This is very unique in the plethora of sports betting, another reason for making this guide. 
      Bets can be placed on quarter number such as 0.25, 0.75, 1.25, etc. 
      Manchester United +1.25 If Manchester United win/draw, the bet is a winner.  If they lose by 1 goal, half of your bet is a push and the other half is a win. You will receive half your winnings and half stake back. If they lose by 2+ goals, your bet is a loss.  Liverpool -1.25 If Liverpool lose, the bet is a loss.  If they win by 1 goal, half your bet is a push and the other half is a loss. You will receive half stake back, but will lose the other half. If they win by 2+ goals, your bet is a winner.  Handicap betting is becoming more and more popular in the betting sphere, giving punters a different value and perspective on each and every match. 

    • Jarrod
      If you’ve never played Slots before, you may be wondering what it is you’re actually looking for when you see your reels spinning. You might be seeing multipliers and big wins, but you could also be seeing icons and having no idea what they mean, or how you’re winning.
      Slots is quite different to most of our other games, in the way that it really isn’t a game where you can stake a huge amount from the get-go, double your money, and potentially leave. Ultimately, the aim of Slots is to get the bonus round and to get free spins. You need to play the long game with slots. There is a different level of risk, but the rewards can be well worth it. 
      Slots are as aesthetically pleasing as any game could be, with its simplicity of gameplay a key feature of the popular casino game. With our Egyptian themed slots game, you will be able to focus on the length of detail our team has put in, as well as the jackpots and other winning formulas. Let’s begin with the patterns that you should be looking for. 
       
      Paylines
      Our slots are running with 20 paylines, each with their own winning pattern. There is a huge difference between playing one payline, and playing all 20. As you will see from the image below, playing just one line only gives you the opportunity to win from that one pattern (1). While it does cost more per payline, each one gives you a better chance of hitting a pattern that is going to give you a return. 
      One thing that you must remember at all times is that multipliers are divided by how many lines you are playing. Obviously you have a higher chance of winning through a pattern if you are playing all 20 lines - it is lower risk. Through these 20 lines, payouts will be lower. 
      If you are lucky enough to spin 5 wilds on payline 1, you will receive a 10,000x payout if you are just playing one line. If you are playing all 20 lines, your payout is just 500x. Payouts will be explained later in more detail.
      Will you risk getting the highest payouts, or bank on spinning regular patterns by playing 20 lines?

       
      Pay Table
      All paylines are won from left to right, and are based around the symbol that starts off your winning pattern. For example; three hearts will pay you a 10x multiplier - as shown in the image below. 
      Remember that you are paying per line. Each win is multiplied by the amount you have spent ‘per line’ - not your total stake.

      Wild’s are a little different from every other symbol. Wild’s are replaced by any symbol that gives you a win. For example; the spin below.
      You can see that the spin above resulted in a line 1 win. Two red diamonds in a row resulted in this win, with the wild (in this line) also becoming a red diamond.

      Wins with Wilds are also paid double. This is important to remember. 
      In the case of 2-4 wilds appearing in a correct payline, you will be paid out on your highest multiplier - not both. That is, if you spin ‘wild, heart, wild’ on line 1, you will be paid on three hearts (20x) rather than two wilds (10x). 
      Then there are Scatters, which have nothing to do with paylines. Scatters can appear anywhere along your reels, and you are paid out accordingly. But it is spinning three or more scatters that can award you an ultimate reward - free spins. 
      Three or more scatters takes you to the bonus round, giving you 15 free spins. These can double up, if you are lucky enough to spin three scatters during the bonus round.You can earn up to 180 free spins during one round. All wins are tripled during bonus rounds, except if you get five wilds - this will stay at a 10000x multiplier.
      You are going to experience many spins where you will win multiple lines, in multiple ways. Understanding all the images above and how they work is going to be key in understanding why you’re (or why you’re not) winning. 
      We are ecstatic that we are able to bring this to you, something we truly believe is one of the best slots games on the net.
       

    • Jarrod
      With our sportsbook imminently on the way, we thought it was about time that we delved deeper into some of the more complex parts of the product. We have spoken about how our current casino can be played in a sportsbook type format, and we have teased the fact that we are getting closer and closer to releasing a product that is going to turn the industry on its head.
      It’s about time we increase the hype, and it’s about time we prepare to make the leap into the world of sports. One thing that is integral to our sportsbook are the odds. No odds, no bets.
      Odds can be displayed in a number of ways. You may have seen Decimal, Fractional or American format. Those same three ways of comparing and displaying odds that we will dissect in this piece.
       
      Decimal
      Decimal odds is the most common way of displaying odds, as it is the most popular one with customers. It is also one of the easiest to calculate. All you need to do is multiply the amount you wish to bet by the odds that are offered.
      Odds x stake = return Let’s take this hypothetical for example:
      Barcelona: 2
      Draw: 3.25
      Real Madrid: 3.80
      If you’re having $50 on Real Madrid:
      3.80 x 50 = $190 Your return includes your original stake - meaning your real profit is $190.
       
      Fractional
      Fractional odds are also a popular way of displaying odds, especially in the UK. However, the difficulty in comparing them to other odds means fractional odds are becoming more out of favour. In saying that, they are a key part of the history of sports betting - something we don’t plan on losing with our product.
       
      The big difference between decimal and fractional odds is that when using fractional, the odds show your real profit rather than showing your total return.
      The easiest way to understand this form of odds is using this short formula:
      How much you’ll win/how much you’ll stake Therefore, if your odds are 7/1 - a $1 stake will win you $7. 
      If you need to calculate your returns on a bet paying 7/1, with a stake of $10, it is also quite simple.
      ((numerator/denominator) + 1) x stake = return ((7/1) +1) x 10 = $80  
      American
      American odds are quite different to the aforementioned, where the interpretation of your odds is based around whether there is a (+) or a (-) within the odds that are displayed. Numbers are expressed that are relative to 100, a base figure. 
      When there is a (-), you need to bet the amount expressed to win $100.  When there is a (+), you will win the amount expressed for every $100 that you bet. Negative odds:  (100/odds) x stake Positive odds: Odds x (stake/100) Looking at another example:
      Chicago Bulls: -270
      LA Lakers: +195
      This would mean you would have to bet $270 on the Bulls to win to make $100 profit. This would also mean you would win $195 if you placed $100 on the Lakers to win. Decimal odds calculate your return whilst fractional odds calculate profit only. In comparison, American odds calculate your profit based around a figure of $100 - a common and easy to understand value.
      Stake.com will cater for all punters, but we feel it is important to be properly educated when it comes to odds. We do not want a lack of education and a misunderstanding of odds to be the difference between winning and losing.

    • Jarrod

      How to play Baccarat

      By Jarrod, in Beginner,

      Baccarat is a casino favourite, and at its core, is one of the simplest card games out there. It is also one of the only games where the result of the player could still mean a profit for you. Sounds weird right?
      We have game rules on our site, but we thought we would delve deeper into one of the oldest card games, stemming back to the early 19th century. 
      Simply put, you bet on whether you think the player or the banker will get a score closest, but not over, 9. Or, you may want to bet on the tie as well - a quite possible outcome. It does get more complex, something which we will go through later throughout this guide. 
       
      Payouts
      Player: 2x
      Tie: 8x
      Banker: 2x
       
      Card value
      Card value is a little different in Baccarat, with face cards (jack, queen, king) and tens all worth zero.
      Aces are worth one, as seen in other card games. 
       
      Rules
      Two cards are dealt to both the player and the banker, which concludes the first round of dealing. 
      If you are dealt two cards that add up to over 10, the second digit becomes the value of your hand.
      7 + 7 = 14
      Displayed as 4

      9 + 10 = 19
      Displayed as 9
       
      In Baccarat, hands have a minimum of two cards per player, with a maximum of three.
      After the first round of dealing, the next step is to determine if there will be any third cards drawn. 
      The second round of dealing, if needed, determines whether the player needs a third card. The table below outlines when this would be the case.

      The Banker’s third card commences the third and final round of dealing. The table below outlines when a banker will draw or stand.

       
      Once all the cards are dealt, the winning hand is then calculated. That being, the hand that is closest to 9.
      In the event of a tie, neither hand wins or loses - it is classed as a push. This means both the player and the banker get their wages back. 
       
      Squeeze
      The squeeze feature goes back quite some time, and is based around superstition. Stake have the optional squeeze feature which tries to replicate the atmosphere and experience of being in a real casino. 
      It is a way of peeking ever so slightly at your cards, revealing them in the most subtle way possible. It creates tension and a sense of nervousness around the table. The card’s number is always carefully covered by a finger.
      It derives from Chinese gamblers, who actually believe they can change the value of the card by the way they squeeze it.
       
      Nevertheless, it is a popular feature that Stake have implemented that replicates the real casino experience on your phone, laptop or tablet. 
      While the bare bones of Baccarat are as simple as picking which hand is going to be closest to 9, there are some instances where it can be easy for a player to be completely and utterly confused about what is happening. 
      We hope that the rules and tables above work as education to one of the most loved casino games in the world - a game that is as easy to win as picking red or black.

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